Falls in Older Adults – prevention is better than cure!

Louise Martin – Physiotherapist, Geriatric Emergency Multidisciplinary Service

Falls can happen to anyone but are more common as we age. 1 in 3 people over the age of 65 fall every year; falls are the most common cause of injury for people over 65 years. 

Falls can occur for any number of reasons for example decreased balance, decreased vision and co-morbidities. Falls can result in broken bones and injuries as well as decreased confidence and fear of falling.

6 out of every 10 falls occur in the home or garden and many can be prevented. Here are some simple steps you can take to reduce your risk of falls at home;

  • Eliminate trip hazards and clutter in house (rugs, wires) and remove excess furniture
  • Ensure good lighting especially at night time, having a bedside lamp can help or keeping a torch at bedside
  • Proper footwear and avoid walking in socks or poor fitting slippers
  • Regular medication review with GP
  • Non slip mats and rails in bathroom
  • Hearing and eyesight checked regularly especially if notice changes
  • Regular exercise including balance and strength work can reduce your risks of falls



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